Yes. I uploaded them to the design studio then added them to the email with the new URL.
This is what I discovered:
OK, double-check that your CNAMEs refer to the right canonical (primary) hostname.
<img src=> attributes are loaded via the LP domain and should stay that way in rendered emails.
While <link href=> may be originally under the LP domain (or at any third-party domain) when entered in the Email Editor, they'll be rewritten to the branding domain in an actual email.